Arterial embolic disorder, otherwise known as “Blue Toe Syndrome” or “Trash Foot,” is a disorder characterized by the blockage of blood vessels leading to the toes. The most common scenario suggests that a tiny bit of an arterial plaque, usually from the abdominal aorta-iliac-femoral arterial system in the abdominal/groin area, breaks off and travels through the circulatory system before getting stuck in the small blood vessels of the foot.
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The cuboid is a small bone in the foot. It is located on the middle-outer edge closest to the small toe and attached to the calcaneus, AKA the heel bone. It is the only bone linking the straight, front half of the foot with the arched part of the foot and is therefore fundamental to maintaining stability. It also assists with supination and pronation (outward and inward rolling of the foot, respectively.)
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Gout is a kind of arthritis that occurs from the buildup of uric acid in the tissues, tendons or a joint, causing an attack of sudden burning pain, stiffness and swelling usually in a big toe. It most frequently affects the big toe, but can also occur in other joints, tendons and tissues of the body as well, including the ankles, knees, hands and wrists.
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An ingrown toenail is a very common nail impairment. It occurs when the corners or sides of the nails dig painfully into the soft tissue of nail grooves, often leading to irritation, redness and swelling. Usually, toenails grow straight out; sometimes, however, one or both corners or sides of toenails curve and grow into the flesh. The big toe is the most common location for ingrown toenails, but other toes as well can also become affected with this condition.
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Trench foot is a medical condition of the foot that is also known as immersion foot. It is a foot injury that results from prolonged exposure to cold and wet conditions and can occur at temperatures as high as 60 degrees Fahrenheit if the feet are continually wet.
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